India-Iran Relations India-Iran Relations

India-Iran Relations

Embassy of India

Tehran

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India-Iran Relations

Overview

       India-Iran relations span millennia marked by meaningful interactions. The two countries shared a border till 1947 and share several common features in their language, culture and traditions. Both South Asia and the Persian Gulf have strong commercial, energy, cultural and people-to-people links.

Political relations;

2. India and Iran signed a friendship treaty on 15 March 1950. The visit of Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee to Iran and the signing of the Tehran Declaration in April 2001, followed by the visit of President Seyyed Mohammad Khatami and the signing of New Delhi Declaration in 2003 enhanced the India-Iran cooperation. The two documents identified areas of cooperation and set the strategic vision for India- Iran partnership.

3. The bilateral relations were further boosted by the visit of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi to Iran in May 2016. During the visit, a joint statement titled “Civilizational Connect, Contemporary Context” was released, and 12 MOUs/Agreements were signed between India and Iran. The Trilateral Agreement on Trade, Transport and Transit between India, Iran and Afghanistan was also signed during the visit this was followed by the visit of President Rouhani to India in February 2018, during which a joint statement titled “Towards Prosperity Through Greater Connectivity” was released. The two sides signed 13 MOUs/Agreements during the visit, prominent among them being the contract for interim operations of Chabahar port and the MoU on Cooperation in the Field of Health and Medicine.

4. There have been two Speaker level visits between India and Iran, with Lok Sabha Speaker Meira Kumar visiting Iran in 2011, followed by a return visit by the Speaker of Majlis, Dr. Ali Larijani to India in 2013.

Recent Exchanges

5. In 2021, External Affairs Minister Dr Subrahmanyam Jaishankar visited Tehran in July and August and called on President Sayyid Ebrahim Raisi. EAM was the first foreign dignitary to call on President Raisi, following his election. There have been regular meetings between the Foreign Ministers of the two countries including on the sidelines of the 21st Shanghai Cooperation Organization Heads of State Council Summit and the 76th United Nations General Assembly session in New York in September 2021 and on the sidelines of the Munich Security Conference in February 2022. Further, high level visits included the visits of Ali Shamkhani, Secretary of Iran’s Supreme National Security Council in November 2021 for the Delhi Regional Security Dialogue on Afghanistan and Iran’s Defence Minister Brig. Gen. Amir Hatami in February 2021 for the ‘First Conclave for Defence Ministers in the Indian Ocean Region’ and ‘Aero India 2021’.

6. The two countries have in place several Bilateral Consultative Mechanisms at various levels including the Joint Committee Meeting (JCM), Foreign Office Consultations (FOC), Security Consultations at the level of National Security Advisers and Deputy National Security Advisers, and the Joint Consular Committee Meeting (JCCM). India and Iran also have Joint Working Groups to implement specific MoUs including on Healthcare, Ports and Maritime Cooperation etc.

7. Both countries also engage at multilateral forums including at the United Nations and its Agencies as well as in regional initiatives including the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Indian Ocean Rim Association and the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium.

Connectivity

8. India is developing the first Phase of Shahid Beheshti Port at Chabahar. In 2021, India provided six mobile harbor cranes to the port. Since the operationalization in December 2018, the port has handled cargo from Russia, Brazil, Germany, Bangladesh, Thailand, Romania, UAE, Kuwait and Australia among other countries. India is also coordinating as a founding member of the International North South Transport Corridor and the Trilateral Agreement on Trade, Transport and Transit to expand regional connectivity.

Trade Relations

9. India and Iran have robust cooperation on trade with major Indian exports to Iran including rice, tea, sugar, fresh fruits, drugs/pharmaceuticals, manmade staple fibers, electrical machinery, artificial jewelry etc while major Indian imports from Iran consists of dry fruits, inorganic/organic chemicals, glassware, gypsum etc. In FY 2020-21 India-Iran bilateral trade was US$ 2.1 billion. In the current FY (2021-22) from April to November 2021, the bilateral trade is at US$ 1.3 billion.

Humanitarian Assistance

10. India and Iran closely cooperated on COVID-19. India has provided 1,125,000 doses of vaccines and medical supplies including PPE kits ad PCR machines to Iran. Malathion insecticide was provided to Iran in 2020 and 2021 to combat desert locusts. Earlier, India has provided 103 tons of disaster relief aid to Iran during the 2019 floods.

As on 1 March 2022

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High level visits between India and Iran

Prime Ministerial level

Outgoing visits

Sl. No.

Name of dignitary

Duration

Purpose of visit

1.        

Shri Narendra Modi, Prime Minister

22-23 May 2016

Bilateral

2.        

Dr. Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister

28-31 August 2012

To attend the 16th Non-aligned Movement (NAM) summit

3.        

Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Prime Minister

10-13 April 2001

Bilateral

4.        

Shri Narasimha Rao, Prime Minister

September 1993

Bilateral

5.        

Shri Morarji Desai, Prime Minister

June 1977

Bilateral

6.        

Smt. Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister

April 1974

Bilateral

7.        

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister

September 1959

Bilateral

 

Incoming visits

Sl. No.

Name of dignitary

Duration

Purpose of visit

1.        

Dr. Hassan Rouhani, President

15-17 February 2018

Bilateral

2.        

Dr. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, President

April 29, 2008

Bilateral

3.        

Mr. Mohammad Khatami, President

24-28 January, 2003

Chief Guest at the Republic Day function

4.        

Mr. Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, President

April 1995

Bilateral

5.        

Shah Mohammad Reza Pahalvi

February 1978

Bilateral

6.        

Shah Mohammad Reza Pahalvi

February/March 1956

Bilateral

Vice Presidential level

Outgoing visits

Sl. No.

Name of dignitary

Duration

Purpose of visit

1.        

Shri M. Hamid Ansari, Vice President

04 August 2013

To attend swearing-in ceremony of President Dr. Hassan Rouhani

2.        

Shri K. R. Narayanan, Vice President

October 1996

Bilateral

Incoming visits

Sl. No.

Name of dignitary

Duration

Purpose of visit

1.        

Dr. Mohammad Javad Mohammadizadeh, Vice president and Head of department of Environment

November 2012

11th Conference of Parties (CoP) of UN Convention on Bio-diversity in Hyderabad

Parliamentary exchanges

Outgoing visits

Sl. No.

Name of dignitary

Duration

Purpose of visit

1.        

Smt. Meira Kumar, Speaker of Lok Sabha

November 2011

Bilateral

Incoming visits

Sl. No.

Name of dignitary

Duration

Purpose of visit

1.        

Dr. Ali Larijani, Speaker of Majlis

24-28 February 2013

Bilateral

2.        

Nazar Afsali, Chairman of India-Iran Parliamentary friendship group

26-28 February 2018

Bilateral

Ministerial level

Outgoing visits

Sl. No.

Name of dignitary

Duration

Purpose of visit

1.        

Dr. Subrahmanyam Jaishankar,  External Affairs Minister

5-6 August 2021

Bilateral

2.        

Dr. Subrahmanyam Jaishankar,  External Affairs Minister

7 July 2021

Bilateral

3.        

Dr. Subrahmanyam Jaishankar,  External Affairs Minister

22-23 December 2019

To attend 19th India-Iran Joint Commission Meeting (JCM)

4.        

Shri Pon Radhakrishnan, Minister of State for Shipping

2-4 December 2017

To represent India at the inauguration of the Chabahar Port

5.        

Smt. Sushma Swaraj, External Affairs Minister

2 December 2017

Bilateral

6.        

Shri Nitin Gadkari, Minister of Road, Transport, Highways and Shipping

5 August 2017

To attend swearing-in ceremony of Iranian President Dr. Hassan Rouhani

7.        

Shri M J Akbar, Minister of State for External Affairs

10-12 September 2016

Bilateral

8.        

Smt. Sushma Swaraj, External Affairs Minister

16-17 April2016

Bilateral

9.        

Shri Dharmendra Pradhan, Minister of State for Petroleum and Natural Gas

8-10 April 2016

Bilateral

10.        

Smt. Maneka Gandhi, Minister for Women and Child Development

19-21January 2016

Special Guest in the 10th International Energy Management Conference

11.        

Shri. Salman Khurshid, External Affairs Minister

03-05 May 2013

17th India-Iran Joint Commission Meeting (JCM)

12.    

Dr. Farooq Abdullah, Minister of New and Renewable Energy

March 2012

Bilateral

13.    

Shri S M Krishna, External Affairs Minister

May 15-17, 2010

14th G-15 Summit

14.    

Shri Pranab Mukherjee , External Affairs Minister

July 29-30, 2008

15th NAM Ministerial Conference

15.    

Shri Pranab Mukherjee , External Affairs Minister

February 6-7, 2007

Bilateral

 

Incoming visits

Sl. No.

Name of dignitary

Duration

Purpose of visit

1.        

Brig. Gen. Amir Hatami, Defence Minister

2-4 February 2022

To attend the First Indian Ocean Defence Ministers Conclave and Aeroindia 2021

2.        

Dr. Javad Zarif, Foreign Minister

14-17 January 2020

To attend Raisina Dialogue 2020

3.        

Dr. Javad Zarif, Foreign Minister

13-14 May 2019

Bilateral

4.        

Mr. Abbas Akhoundi, Minister of Roads & Urban Development

9-12 January 2019

Bilateral

5.        

Dr. Javad Zarif, Foreign Minister

7-9 January 2019

To attend Raisina Dialogue 2019

6.        

Dr. Hassan Ghazizadeh Hashemi, Minister of Health and Medical Education

12-14 December 2018

Bilateral

7.        

Mr. Abbas Akhoundi, Minister of Roads & Urban Development

6-7 September 2018

Bilateral

8.        

Dr. Javad Zarif, Foreign Minister

28 May 2018

Bilateral

9.        

Mr. Bijan Zangeneh, Minister of Petroleum

11 April 2018

To attend the 16th International Energy Forum in New Delhi

10.        

Mr. Mohammad Jahromi, Minister for Communications and IT

23-24 November 2017

To attend the Global Cyber Conference

11.    

Dr. Javad Zarif, Foreign Minister

4 December  2016

To attend 6th Heart of Asia-Istanbul process Ministerial Conference in Amritsar

12.    

Dr. Abbas Akhoundi, Minister of Transport and Urban Development

27-30 September 2016

Bilateral

13.    

Dr. Ali Tayyebnia, Minister for Economic Affairs and Finance

26-28 December 2015

18th Joint Commission Meeting (JCM)

14.    

Dr. Javad Zarif, Foreign Minister

13-14 August 2015

Bilateral

15.    

Shri Nitin Gadkari, Minister for Road Transport, Highways and Shipping

May 5-7 2015

MoU on Chabahar

16.    

Mr. Akbar Torkan, Presidential advisor and Secretary of high Council of Free Zones

12 -15 January 2015

To attend the Vibrant Gujarat Summit

17.    

Dr. Javad Zarif, Foreign Minister

28 February, 2014

Bilateral

18.    

Eng. Majid Namjoo, Minister of Energy

October 2012

To attend the Global Ministerial level “International Seminar on Energy Access”

19.    

Dr. Ali Akbar Velayati, Senior Advisor to Supreme Leader on International Affairs

December 2011

Bilateral

 

NSA/Dy NSA visits

Outgoing visits

Sl. No.

Name of dignitary

Duration

Purpose of visit

1.        

Shri Rajinder Khanna, Dy. NSA

18 December 2019

To attend 2nd Six nation NSA talks

2.        

Shri Ajit Doval, NSA

26 September 2018

To attend 1st Six nation NSA talks

Secretary level

Outgoing visits

Sl. No.

Name of dignitary

Duration

Purpose of visit

1.        

Shri Vijay Gokhale, Foreign Secretary

16 September 2019

16th Foreign Office Consultations (FoCs)

2.        

Shri Gopal Krishna, Secretary (Shipping)

26 February 2019

To attend Chabahar Day Event 2019

3.        

Shri T.S. Tirumurti, Secretary (ER)

23-24 October 2018

1st Coordination Council Meeting on Trilateral Transit Agreement between Afghanistan, India & Iran (Chabahar Agreement)

4.        

Shri Alok Srivastava, Special Secretary (Shipping)

3-6 September 2017

6th Joint Committee Meeting on Ports and Maritime Cooperation

5.        

Dr. Subrahmanyam Jaishankar, Foreign Secretary

16-17 May 2017

14th Foreign Office Consultations (FoCs)

6.        

Rajiv Kumar, Secretary (Shipping)

November 31- December 2, 2015

Regarding Chabahar Port project

7.        

Shri Rajeev Mehrishi, Finance Secretary

25-26 July 2015

Bilateral

8.        

Dr. Subrahmanyam Jaishankar, Foreign Secretary

June 13-14, 2015

Foreign Office Consultations (FoCs)

9.        

Smt. Nirupama Rao, Foreign Secretary

July 2011

9th Foreign Office Consultations (FoCs)

Incoming visits

Sl. No.

Name of dignitary

Duration

Purpose of visit

1.        

Mr. Abbas Araghchi, Deputy Foreign Minister

16 July 2018

15th Foreign Office Consultations (FoCs)

2.        

Mr. Ebrahim Rahimpour, Deputy Foreign Minister for Asia and Pacific Affairs

25 November 2013

11th Foreign Office Consultations (FoCs)

3.        

Dr. Seyyed Abbas Araqchi, Deputy Foreign Minister for Asia and Oceania

October 2012

10th Foreign Office Consultations (FoCs)

Think Tanks/Others

Outgoing visits

Sl. No.

Name of dignitary

Duration

Purpose of visit

1.        

Dr. T.C.A. Raghavan, Director General (ICWA)

12-13 October 2019

ICWA-IPIS Dialogue

2.        

Shri Vinay Sahasrabuddhe, President ,ICCR

3 December 2018

Bilateral

3.        

Shri Jayant Prasad, Director General, IDSA

23-26July 2016

Bilateral

4.        

 Shri Vinod Rai, Comptroller and Auditor General of India

June 2012

Bilateral, at the invitation of Supreme Audit Court of Iran (SAC)